Japan’s National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology has partnered with IBM to develop a 10,000-qubit quantum computer.

According to a report from Nikkei Asia, the deal is expected to be finalized in the coming days, with the Tokyo-based institute and IBM set to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) before announcing the partnership.

The quantum computer is expected to be ready for use in 2029.

IBM Quantum Lab (1)
IBM Quantum Lab – IBM

Under the terms of the MoU, the partners will also jointly develop semiconductors and superconducting integrated circuits necessary to build next-generation quantum computers, with hopes that Japanese manufacturers will start mass-producing parts in the country.

The institute has also pledged to train Japanese companies on how to use quantum computers.

In December 2023, IBM unveiled a host of new quantum hardware and software products, including a 133 fixed-frequency qubit processor dubbed IBM Quantum Heron and IBM Quantum System Two, the company’s first modular quantum computer.

Meanwhile, in Japan, IBM has previously delivered an IBM Quantum System One to the University of Tokyo and last month, the company announced it would be deploying an IBM Quantum System Two quantum computer at the Riken Center for Computational Science in Kobe, Japan.

That quantum system, which is set to be powered by a Heron processor, will be colocated and integrated with the organization’s existing Fugaku supercomputer, although a timeline for deployment hasn’t been shared.

Riken has already deployed two Fujitsu-made quantum computers and has signed a deal to procure a system from Honeywell’s Quantinuum (in which IBM is also an investor).