A Chilean environmental court has partially reversed Google's permit to build a $200 million data center in Cerrillos, Santiago.

The court told the hyperscaler to revise its application to take into account the effects of climate change, amid local pushback and water concerns over its use of the capital's strained aquifer.

Google Data Center
– Google

The ruling told Google "to incorporate the consideration of climate change's effects in the evaluation of the water component (Central Santiago Aquifer), if appropriate, taking into account a possible modification of the cooling system of the servers associated with the project."

In a statement, Google said that it had submitted a change to its original design to use air cooling instead, and would "continue to collaborate with the requirements of local authorities."

Chile is 15 years into an unprecedented drought, with the government enforcing water rationing in 2022. Earlier this month, the deadliest wildfire on record left at least 112 people dead and thousands displaced.

With Uruguay also facing an extreme drought, local opposition has risen up against Google’s plan to build a large data center in the department of Canelones in the country’s south.

A court fight revealed that the facility's cooling towers will need 7.6 million liters (2 million gallons) of potable water a day. "The Uruguay data center project is still in the exploratory phase, and Google’s technical team is actively working with the support of national and local authorities," a Google spokesperson told Mongabay.